Since 2012, Mali has slowly slid into chaos as Islamic terrorist groups linked to al-Qaeda have gained ground. Over the years, the violence has swept from the country’s north. With many young people, mostly Fulani herders, now also struggling with unemployment, they are turning to the jihadist groups and joining their ranks in a bid to escape poverty.
Jamilla Amadou fled Gao alongside thousands of others in 2012, when extremist groups occupied the northern Mali city. She is among those who have returned to rebuild and uses her skills as a nurse to help the city to heal, despite ongoing insecurity in the region.