To the south, Syria and Idlib province where Ankara says it is now directly targeting pro-Assad forces after last week's killing in an air strike of 34 Turkish soldiers. With Russia backing Damascus in its bid to retake the last-rebel held enclave in Syria, we ask just how far it can escalate between now and Thursday's planned trip by Turkey's President to Moscow.
Syrian local activists organise a football game in a muddy field in a camp for the internally displaced west of Sarmada town in Syria's rebel-held northwestern province of Idlib, near the border with Turkey. The latest round of violence in Syria's nearly nine-year-old war, saw regime forces upping their deadly bombardment of the northwestern province of Idlib, pushing, in December alone according to the United Nations, some 284,000 from their homes in the jihadist-run region of some three million people.
Activists distribute Christmas presents to displaced Syrian children living in the Washukanni camp for internally displaced persons (IDP) in the mainly Kurdish northeastern Syrian province of Hasakeh. The gesture is part of the "We are with you" campaign organised by Kurdish Syrian youths living abroad who decided to send gifts to displaced children as a result of the eight-year-old conflict in Syria.
Two Syrian families pack their bags and flee their homes not knowing where to go. Like them, tens of thousands of people have fled Maaret al-Numan region, located in jihadist-held Idlib province, since December 16, following an uptick in airstrikes, according to the United Nations.